The Bronze Age Collapse
This would settle everything, but I cannot help myself but wonder if that settles the big picture. Multiple civilizations in the region disappeared during the same time, not all of them were as close to the Santorini Islands as Crete was. This event is known as the Bronze Age Collapse and there is no clear answer behind it. The Egyptians talk of the ferocious Sea People, attacking their lands with everything they got including women and children. I assume, they probably were a mixture of the survivors from the islands devastated by some unknown event, maybe, the same volcanic eruption. Further on, evidence of famine and bad climate could be found across the region. Something happened, which destroyed the high culture of the Bronze Age, then the Dark Greek Ages followed. Maybe the eruption on the Santorini Islands was powerful enough to vanish countless civilizations around the Mediterranean, maybe, it was something even more catastrophic, which triggered all the other events including the volcanoes.
Legend of Zeus Birth
Crete is the birthplace of the main God in Greek mythology – Zeus. Despite that, different from the monotheistic mythos, Gods in polytheistic mythology are not absolute. Based on current day standards, this resulted in a rather rough childhood for Zeus. If it was not for his mother Rhea and Kourites, he would have been eaten by his abusive father Kronos. Kourites were giant half-gods and were the first inhabitants of the island, no better place for folks like this to live than the tallest mountain of the Crete – Mount Psiloritis (Mount Ida). Kourites invented agriculture and were taught the art of dance by Rhea herself.
Legends & Myths of Knossos Palace
This part of the mythos might be even more abstractly historically-true than the Kourites and Zeus one. The protagonist of this story is the son of nymph Europa and Zeus (the naughty God), the king of Knossos and Crete, Minos. Things were quite good for Minos until he got into trouble with Poseidon by not sacrificing him a white bull. Poseidon was truly creative and to revenge Minos, he made his wife Pasiphae to fall in love with the same bull. Things got really naughty when Pasiphae told about her love to the master craftsman Daedalus, who made her a wooden cow costume covered with real cowhide. Oh, that technological advancement of Minoans. One way or another, the tricked worked as Pasiphae hidden in the wooden cow had sex with the white bull, which resulted in the birth half-man half-bull creature – Minotaur.